The California France Forum on Energy Efficiency Technologies (CaFFEET) is an annual event established in 2011 by EDF and the Office of Science and Technology (section of San Francisco). It aims to promote technical and scientific exchanges on energy efficiency between France and California, two leaders in achieving low-CO2 economies. This year EDF and the OS&T are collaborating with the Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of Society (CITRIS), a leading research institute at the University of California, headquartered in Berkeley.
The 2012 edition of CaFFEET will be organized at the University of California in Berkeley on November 5 and 6, 2012 with the theme: “Smart City: What Is the Added Value?”
Smart City approaches rely on the integration of modeling/simulation techniques and ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) into city planning and practices, such as city growth projections, city operations (municipal water/electric supply, waste management, etc.), city processes (such as payroll), city services (to citizens, to businesses, to suppliers, etc.), etc. Smart City approaches are intended to help cities achieve sustainability, but they also raise new issues.
How can Smart City approaches increase city attractiveness and city resilience?
Smart City approaches strongly focus on technology and often rely on sophisticated applications. Badly understood or poorly implemented, they may be pursued for their own sake and divert cities from real issues (employment, education, crime, etc.). Ideally, Smart City projects should be carried out only if they help cities to meet their needs, with a quantifiable added value.
2012 CaFFEET will assess the added value that can be generated with regards to two fundamental city needs – attractiveness and resilience:
‘attractiveness’ is the ability of a city to attract healthy businesses and talented individuals,
‘resilience’ is the ability of a city to overcome outside ‘shocks’, for example those that can be climate change- or weather-related (storms, sea-level rise, floods, drought, etc.), or linked to human activities (economic shock, power outage, etc.).
The cyber security risk of Smart City approaches
ICT can bring substantial value to city planning and practices, but may raise vulnerability to cyber attacks.
Cyber attacks targeting cities have already happened, spanning from simple city website hacking, causing privacy issues, to cyber intrusion of critical infrastructure, causing threats of physical damage and hazard to citizens.
Very likely, Smart City approaches will not be rolled out if the cyber security risk is not well understood and managed. 2012 CaFFEET will discuss state-of-the-art of approaches and current developments to manage cyber security issues in Smart Cities.
Program and registration: http://caffeet.org/
Forum franco-américain sur la ville intelligente, Berkeley, 5-6 Novembre 2012 : http://www.bulletins-electroniques.com/actualites/71632.htm