Fr-US Nanotechs Newsletter #2 - November 2014

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Bienvenue dans l’édition du mois de novembre de Nanotechs Newsletter !
Ces deux derniers mois ont été marqués aux Etats-Unis par des projets de recherche utilisant des nanoparticules en médecine: Penn State University travaille sur la mise au point d’un nouveau moyen de libérer des principes actifs dans les tumeurs, le Houston Methodist Research Institute a obtenu un financement de 1,92 millions de dollars pour développer un dispositif implantable qui libèrera les médicaments de manière contrôlée à distance et Google a dévoilé son projet de détecteur de cancers et de crises cardiaques de manière précoce. Du côté français, ce sont les propriétés des nanoparticules qui ont été particulièrement étudiées : l’Institut Marie Curie a développé des particules étant à la fois fluorescentes et magnétiques et le CEMES travaille sur les propriétés plasmoniques de chaines de nanoparticules d’or.
Bonne lecture!

Welcome to the November issue of this Fr-US Nanotechs Newsletter!
The highlights of this edition are the benefits of nanotechnology in medicine in the United States: Penn State College of Medicine studied a new way to deliver drug in cancer cells, the Houston Methodist Research Institute will receive $1,92 million to develop an implantable device that delivers therapeutic drugs remotely and Google unveiled his project to work on a cancer and heart attack detector. In France, scientists focused on developing new nanoparticles’ properties: the Institut Marie Curie achieved in creating particles that are fluorescent and magnetic and the CEMES studied plasmonic properties of gold nanoparticles chains.
Enjoy your reading!

Maud Bernollin, Deputy Scientific Attaché in Houston
Christian Turquat, Scientific Attaché in Houston

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- Nanotechnology News in the USA
- Nanotechnology News in France
- Our programs
- Upcoming events
- Openings and funding opportunities
- Useful links

Nanotechnology News in the USA

Nanotechnology aids in cooling electrons without external sources – September 10, 2014
A team of researchers from UT Arlington has discovered a way to cool electrons to -228 °C without external means and at room temperature, an advancement that could enable electronic devices to function with very little energy. The researchers used a nanoscale structure – which consists of a sequential array of a source electrode, a quantum well, a tunneling barrier, a quantum dot, another tunneling barrier, and a drain electrode – to suppress electron excitation and to make electrons cold. [Read more]

Hydrogen & Solar Power Boosted by New Ability to Shape Nanostructures – September 15, 2014
New nanotechnology findings from physicists at the University of Maryland have moved us significantly closer to the efficient, cost effective generation of clean hydrogen fuel from sunlight. They created a new synthesis strategy for hybrid nanostructures with wide potential applications ranging from clean energy to new sensor development. The team demonstrated the power of their method by creating a photocatalyst that is almost 15 times more efficient to split water (H2O) into hydrogen and oxygen than conventional photocatalysts. [Read more]

NRL Researchers Develop Novel Method to Synthesize Nanoparticles – September 24, 2014
Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) Materials Science and Technology Division have developed a novel one-step process using, for the first time in these types of syntheses, potassium superoxide (KO2) to rapidly form oxide nanoparticles from simple salt solutions in water. The team has demonstrated that large quantities (over 10 grams) of oxide nanoparticles can be prepared in a single step, which is approximately four orders of magnitude higher yield than many other methods. [Read more]

Crumpled graphène could provide an unconventional energy storage – October 3, 2014
Researchers at MIT found that crumpling a piece of graphene “paper” can yield to new properties that could be useful for creating extremely stretchable and inexpensive supercapacitors to store energy for flexible electronic devices. This supercapacitor can be bent, folded or stretched to as much as 800 percent of its original size. [Read more]

Solid nanoparticles can deform like a liquid – October 12, 2014
MIT researchers found a surprising phenomenon in metal nanoparticles: they appear, from the outside, to be liquid droplets, wobbling and readily changing shape, while their interiors retain a perfectly stable crystal configuration. The experiments were conducted at room temperature, with particles of pure silver less than 10 nanometers across but the results should apply to many different metals. [Read more]

Researchers develop world’s thinnest electric generator – October 15, 2014
Researchers from Columbia Engineering and the Georgia Institute of Technology have reported the first experimental observation of piezoelectricity and the piezotronic effect in an atomically thin material, molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), resulting in a unique electric generator and mechanosensation devices that are optically transparent, extremely light, and very bendable and stretchable. [Read more]

Nanoparticle-based invention moves new cancer drugs closer to clinical testing – October 22, 2014
Penn State College of Medicine researchers have developed a nanoparticle to deliver a melanoma-fighting drug directly to the cancer. The drug is packaged into a nanoliposome soluble in the blood stream that travels to the tumor, where it accumulates and releases the drug to kill the cancer cells. [Read more]

Global Carbon Nanotubes Market – October 23, 2014
This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Carbon Nanotubes in US$ Thousands by the following Product Segments: Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes, and Multi Walled Carbon Nanotubes. The report also analyzes the world market by the following End-Use Sectors: Electronics, Aerospace & Defense, Automotive, Sports Equipment, and Others. [Read more]

In orbit or on Earth, implantable device will be commanded to release therapeutic drugs remotely – October 23, 2014
Houston Methodist Research Institute (HMRI) scientists will receive about $1,25 million from the Center for the Advancement of Science in Space and an additional $0.67 million from NanoMedical Systems Inc. and HMRI to develop an implantable device that delivers therapeutic drugs at a rate guided by remote control. The nanochannel delivery system is an 18 nm-wide squat cylinder and the drug movement through the channels is controlled by surface electrodes that tune the rate of delivery. [Read more]

Google is developing cancer and heart attack detector – October 28, 2014
Google X, the Google’s research unit, is aiming to diagnose cancers, impending heart attacks and other diseases at a much earlier stage than is currently possible. The technology combines disease-detecting magnetic nanoparticles, which would enter a patient’s bloodstream via a swallowed pill, with a wrist-worn sensor. Based on the identification of slight changes in the person’s biochemistry, the research is still at an early stage. Google is now seeking to establish partnership. [Read more]

Nanotechnology News in France

Microscopy technique yields new data on muscular dystrophy – September 18, 2014
An international team including researchers from the University Claude Bernard, Lyon, developed a new microscopy technology that allows to view single molecules in living animals at higher-than-ever resolution revealing new findings on the causes of muscular dystrophy. This technique offers imaging precisions of around 20 nanometers, 10 times finer than conventional optical microscopy. [Read more]

Nanoscale optimization to make ’greener’ cement- September 25, 2014
Researchers from the CNRS Marseille in collaboration with MIT scientists conducted a detailed molecular analysis of the complex structure of concrete to reduce its greenhouse-gas emissions. The new analysis suggests that reducing the ratio of calcium to silicate would not only cut those emissions by more than the half, but would actually produce better, stronger concrete. [Read more]

Nanoparticles get a magnetic handle - October 9, 2014
An international team of researchers including scientists at the Institut Marie Curie achieved in creating particles that can emit fluorescent glow in a biological environment, and that could be manipulated precisely into position within living cells by applying a magnetic field to pull them along. The technology makes it possible to track the nanoparticles. They could have a coating of a bioactive reactive substance that could seek out particular molecules for diagnosis or treatment, while they move within the body. [Read more]

Rare “baby rattle” molecules reveal new quantum properties of H2O and H2 – October 10, 2014
Researchers at the Institute Laue-Langevin in collaboration with researchers in the USA, United Kingdom and China presented the first known example of a quantum selection rule found in a molecule by using endofullerenes into which smaller molecules of hydrogen had been inserted. This discovery runs counter to the widely held view that such molecular compounds are not subjects to any selection rules. [Read more]

Small but heading for the big time: Nanobiotix reaches the second milestone payment of Bpifrance dedicated to NBTXR3 development in liver cancers – October 13, 2014
NANOBIOTIX, a clinical-stage nanomedicine company pioneering novel approaches for the local treatment of cancer, announces today the second payment of €1.144 k from Bpifrance as part as the funding granted to support the NICE consortium. [Read more]

Global Carbon Nanotubes Market – October 23, 2014
This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Carbon Nanotubes in US$ Thousands by the following Product Segments: Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes, and Multi Walled Carbon Nanotubes. The report also analyzes the world market by the following End-Use Sectors: Electronics, Aerospace & Defense, Automotive, Sports Equipment, and Others. [Read more]

Gold Nanoparticle Chains Facilitate Highly Confined Light Propagation – October 26, 2014
A multidisciplinary team at the Centre d’Elaboration de Matériaux et d’Etudes Structurales (CEMES, CNRS), working in collaboration with physicists in Singapore and chemists in Bristol (UK), have shown that crystalline gold nanoparticles aligned and then fused into long chains can be used to confine light energy down to the nanometer scale while allowing its long-range propagation (up to 4000 nm within the string of particles) thanks to the plasmons which produce specific oscillations favorable to highly confined propagation. [Read more]

Our programs

French American Doctoral Exchange Program (FADEx) 2015 : Advanced architectures for solar cells
The program FADEx is a 5-day event that consists in a 2-day seminar between US and French PhD candidates followed by a 3-day visit of state-of-the-art French research centers – e.g. National institute for solar energy or INES, MINATEC innovation campus, Photovoltaic Institute of Paris Region or IPVF – as well as a visit of the European Synchrotron Research Facility (ESRF). The Program whose focus is on “Advanced architecture for solar cells” will take place at Le Bourget-du-Lac, France, in March 2015. Funding for US PhD candidate is available. Applications deadline: November 9, 2015. More information

ATIP-AVENIR Program 2015
Under a partnership between Inserm and CNRS, a call for proposals is launched. It aimed at enabling young scientists to create and lead a team within an established Inserm or CNRS laboratory in France. The ATIP - Avenir teams will strengthen the research of the host units but will develop independently their own scientific project and promoting mobility and attracting young team leaders of high-level working abroad. Applications deadline: November 27, 2015. More information

France-Chicago: 2015 Call for Proposals
The France And Chicago Collaborating in The Sciences (FACCTS) program is designed to enhance science at the University of Chicago by encouraging closer relations between researchers in Physics Sciences Department (PSD) and Biology Sciences Department (BSD) and high-level research teams and institutions of higher education in France. The deadline for proposals is December 1, 2014. More information

Chateaubriand Fellowships: Call for Applications 2014-2016
The Chateaubriand Fellowship in Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics & Health aims to initiate or reinforce collaborations, partnerships or joint projects between French and American research teams. The Chateaubriand Fellowship supports PhD students registered in an American university who wish to conduct part of their doctoral research in a French laboratory. Applications deadline: January 20, 2015. More information

Upcoming events

2nd International Workshop on METALLIC NANO-OBJECTS, Lille (France), November 13-14, 2014
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NanoTechnology for Defense Conference, Chantilly (USA), November 17-20, 2014
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4th International Conference NANOSAFE 2014, Grenoble (France), November 18-20, 2014
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Graphene and 2D Materials LIVE, Santa Clara (USA), November 19-20, 2014
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4th International Conference on Nanotek & Expo, San Francisco (USA), December 1-3, 2014
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Conference on Micro and Nanotechnology in Medicine, Turtle Bay (USA), December 8-12, 2014
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Nanoinformatics Workshop 2015, Arlington (USA), January 26-28, 2015
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OPTO - Optoelectronic Materials, Devices, and Applications, San Francisco (USA), February 7-12, 2015
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13th International Congress on Targeted Anticancer Therapies, Paris (France), March 2-4, 2015
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Openings and funding opportunities

General newsletter for French & European fundings and research news: Le Fil de Marianne
Le Fil de Marianne provides information on French research institutuions (CNRS, INSERM, INRIA, INRA, Ifremer…) the European Commission and other organizations including their calls for proposals, programs of study, postdoctoral programs and scientific conferences as well as general information on research in France. More information

Bulletins Electroniques Etats-Unis (in French)
Newsletter hebdomadaire gratuite sur les avancées scientifiques et technologiques aux Etats-Unis rédigée par le Service pour la Science et la Technologie (SST) de l’ambassade de France aux Etats-Unis et diffusée par l’Agence pour la Diffusion de l’Information Technologique (ADIT). More information

eTech France
eTech France brings you news in science and technology from France on a bimonthly basis. Each newsletter includes: special reports, short technology news, experts’ interviews and press releases from French research institutions. More information

The Office for Science and Technology of the Embassy of France in the USA
The Office for Science and Technology (OST) is a service of the Embassy of France in the USA located in Washington D.C. and within 6 Consulates scattered around the USAThe OST is dedicated to bilateral French-American collaborations in Science and Technology. More information

About this newsletter

This newsletter dedicated to nanotechnologies in the USA and in France is provided by the Office for Science & Technology at the Consulate General of France in Houston. The expertise of this branch is Physics and Nanotechnologies.
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